Thursday, August 8, 2013

Prosecution Versus Defense Paper

Prosecution Versus Defense Paper

            There are many differences between a defense counsel and a prosecutor. A prosecutor has many influencing powers under the prosecutorial discretion, while the defense counsel have to represent an accused's rights. The interactions between the defense counsel and the prosecution exist characterized by conflict. However, this does not exclude the chance of working together to create a settlement between the two.
            A defense counsel is critical for those who are accused of crimes for the practice of an individual's constitutional rights. These defense attorneys have a critical role in the implementation and interpretation of the accused's rights. Defense attorneys must attempt to reconcile claims on their time, attention, and loyalty. Some of their actions may also cause problems, especially when his advocacy on behalf of a client may conflict with the expectations, that citizens perceive, of being an officer of the courtroom. (Meyer & Grant, 2003)
            Under the prosecutorial discretion, the prosecutor has the flexibility to choose among other possible courses of action. This means that he also gets the chance to decide on what to do in a particular case. The prosecutor can also decide whether to file charges, the number of charges, and what specific charges. Another key discretion that the prosecutor has is the ability to make an offer to the defense as a plea bargain or ask the court to dismiss the charges. (Meyer & Grant, 2003)
            Even though the defendant is not required to present any defense, the prosecution has the legal burden of proving the accused's guilt. The prosecutorial discretion may also influence the flow of cases in the court system, since they operate with comparatively few legal constraints on their decisions. In fact, over the past years, judge's discretion in sentencing was drastically reduced since the advent of mandatory sentencing rules. (Meyer & Grant, 2003)
            Prosecutorial discretion is necessary to tailor the legal response for the case. Prosecutors must also determine which statutes are applicable based on the facts of any case. The defense counsel, on the other hand, represent individuals who are facing criminal law charges. There job does not require them to determine an individual's guilt, that is up to the judge and the jury. (Meyer & Grant, 2003)


Meyer, J. F., & Grant, D. R. (2003). The courts in our criminal justice system. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

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